The IEEE 1484.12.1 – 2002 Standard for Learning Object Metadata is an internationally recognised open standard for the description of learning objects.
- Barker, P. (2005). What is IEEE Learning Object Metadata/IMS Learning Resource Metadata? (CETIS briefing series)
Learning object model (LOM) metadata
- IEEE-LTSC (2005). WG12: Learning Object Metadata - official documentation for the IEEE LTSC Learning Object Model metadata schema (IEEE-LOM)
- LOM records can be transported between systems using a variety of protocols, perhaps the most widely used being OAI-PMH (Open Archives Initiative Protocol for Metadata Harvesting)
- UK LOM is also popular and customised for UK institutions
- Related learning object model based standards include the LOM that may be better for specific purposes include:
- ADL Metadata
- Celebrate LOM - an attempt to provide interoperable learning object repositories across Europe http://celebrate.eun.org/docs/CELEB_AP_v1.1_2003-11-17.pdf
- Agostinho, S., et al. (2004). Developing a learning object metadata application profile based on LOM suitable for the Australian higher education context. Australasian Journal of Educational Technology, 20 (2), 191-208. - Describes how LOM metadata has been customised for use in the Australian HE sector.
- SOMA (Shared Online Media Archive) metadata element set
DC (Dublin Core)
MODS is essentially MARC XML (a library catalogue record) but with textual instead of numerical tags, thereby facilitating easy record interchange with the library catalogue, allowing easy exchange of library and learning object repository records